Tank Building: Swedish Tanks – World of Tanks

Swedish designers have a good reputation. It doesn’t matter what they produce, be it chainsaws or trucks, they build high-quality.

Swedish designers
have a good reputation. It doesn’t matter what they produce,
be it chainsaws or trucks, they build high-quality
and well-thought-out mechanisms. Perhaps this is their national trait. It’s also true for the Swedish tanks. The country, which hasn’t been
in a war for the last 100 years, was able to create
its own tank-building school. Tank Building:
Swedish Tanks During the First and Second World Wars, Sweden remained
a neutral country and didn’t fight. However, the Swedes paid
close attention to the militaries. They became interested in tanks right after these vehicles
appeared at the end of World War I. At first, they wanted to buy a vehicle from the inventors of this new weapon,
the British. The British set the price at 40,000 Swedish kronor
for their Mark tank. It was too expensive,
and the deal fell through. The Swedes bought their first tank
from the Germans after the war. The most famous German vehicle
of the World War I era is the A7V, designed by Joseph Vollmer. It was huge,
like a moving fortress, and had the largest number
of crewmen in history. But Sweden needed another vehicle, which was disregarded
by the German generals. Being a smart man,
Vollmer realized that that vehicle was
a bit expensive even for Germany. That’s why,
at the same time, he was developing
a lighter and cheaper tank, which utilized
a greater number of car parts. This tank was designated the LK-II. The machine gun and cannon versions
of this tank were developed. So, the Swedes were particularly
interested in this vehicle. The LK-II cost the Swedes half as much
as the British rhomboid, 18,000 kronor. These tanks in 1921 it was in big secrecy
and that is for two reasons. The first, they didn’t want to tell the world
that Sweden actually bought tanks from Germany, so in the papers
they were designed as tractor parts. The other reason
is that it has been said, we haven’t found any document,
but it had been said that these tanks were not intended
to use against an enemy from another country, but if Sweden
would have had a revolution these tanks should have been used
to protect the king and the government against a revolution in Sweden, so there were
two reasons to keep this secret. So, the German LK-II
became a Scandinavian named the Stridsvagn fm/21. For some time, the Swedish military
decided that it was enough. The Swedes were just running
different tests on this tank. They tried to understand what it was
and how much they needed it. Tank Building:
Swedish Tanks Having summarized their experience, the Swedish military
defined the requirements for a new tank in the late 1920s. Besides the traditional requests
of “a bigger gun and thicker armor”, the Swedish specificity
was also taken into consideration. A poor Nordic country. The Swedish north
was a completely wild area, where the Laplanders
roamed on reindeer. The population was low,
industry was underdeveloped. There are many forests, lakes, rivers,
and other obstacles in the country that were hard
for the tanks to overcome. The Swedes had to keep in mind that there wasn’t
a lot of money in the treasury. They couldn’t build
everything they wanted. But sometimes they also
remembered an old proverb “we’re not rich enough
to buy cheap things” and tried to design
expensive and high-quality things. Among other things,
their own tank program meant a certain share of confidence
in the future. And if you look
at post-war Europe, you’ll see that everyone
was working on tank development, even Germany,
who weren’t allowed to. So, the Swedish military
ordered a light vehicle weighing no more than 12 tons, so that most bridges
could cope with their weight. A tank should not only fight well,
but also reach the battlefield in time. It was a very strict requirement
at the time. Track durability in the 1920s
was poor. Tanks couldn’t go to long distances
under their own power, just a few dozen kilometers. A combined wheel and
tracklaying system became a solution. Tanks should move on tracks
when in battle and on wheels when on the road. Such a vehicle was introduced
by the Landsverk company. The L-5 tank was lightly armored, and armed with a 37-mm gun
and two machine guns. The main feature of the vehicle
was its original running gear. The tank had
a normal track-laying mover, as well as four large wheels. Moreover, the transition from one mover to another
didn’t require much crew effort. A special system
was designed for this, and it took
a couple of minutes to do so. The tank rolled to the battlefield, a tanker pulled a couple of levers,
and the vehicle switched to tracks. The tank didn’t pass the trials, but two vehicles
were built on its base: the tracked L-10, and the combined
tracked and wheeled L-30. Regarding its armament and armor, it was a standard light tank
with a maximum 14 mm of armor, a 37-mm gun
and a coaxial machine gun. Changing the mover
was done so quickly that it didn’t require the crew
to leave the vehicle. It was a big advantage
in comparison to the Christie tanks. So you have the track system as an ordinary tank
to drive off road in the terrain, but to be able to drive on roads
you also had connected to the chassis you had
big road wheels and when you drove in the terrain these tracks were used
and the road wheels were up in the air, but when you were going out
in to the ordinary roads you could lower these wheels
and then you could drive on the road with the wheelsand with this system
you had high mobility with the tracks in the terrain
and also high speed possibility on road, up to 75 km/h. But the L-30 was too good and expensive
for the Swedish budget. As a result,
only one prototype was built. Tank Building:
Swedish Tanks The military preferred
the tracked L-10. It didn’t roll that fast on the road, but it was simpler
and better armored. However, only three
vehicles were built. These were the first tanks
developed in Sweden. But technically,
they weren’t Swedish. The Germans
were involved in their development. According to the Versailles Treaty, Germany wasn’t allowed
to design its own tanks. But when something is prohibited, and you really want it,
there are always ways around. The German Krupp company bought outthe bankrupt
Swedish railroad car company and turned it
into a tank-building branch. It was the Landsverk company. The German Otto Merker
made the biggest contribution to Swedish tank building. He was a tank designer
that laid the foundation for the Swedish tank building school. In fact, the Germans actively used
all their neighbors who harbored them. As a result, Germany experimented with submarines
and aircraft in the Netherlands, and tested tanks
in the Soviet Union and Sweden. And they tested artillery
in a great many places… In the early 1930s, Otto Merker
started modernizing the L-10. The result of his work wasone of the best light tanks
of that time: the first mass-produced Swedish tank,
the L-60. It weighed only 9 tons,
was very comfortable for the crew, and became the first mass-produced
tank in the world to be equipped
with torsion-bar suspension Its first version was only exported. Two tanks were bought by Ireland. Austria and Hungary bought one each. Hungarians developed their own tank on the L-60 base,
the 38M Toldi. The improved variant, Strv m/38,
entered service in the Swedish army. If we take
only technical characteristics, the Swedes had
one of the best tanks in the world before the beginning of WWII. It was the most successful
Swedish pre-war tank. Its modifications remained
in service up to the mid-1950s. The L-60 is the only Swedish tank
that had to fight. It happened in the Dominican Republic
during the American landing. They were unlucky to engage in combat
against the Patton tanks. And of course it ended badly
for the pre-war light tanks. The L-60 was knocked down. Nevertheless,
the last five vehicles of this type were removed from service
in the early 2000s. The Landsverks were
excellent vehicles. But the tank industry capabilities
couldn’t keep up with the desire of the Swedes to equip the army
with tanks as soon as possible. The example of the neighboring
Denmark and Norway, which were occupied by Germany,
showed what neutrality, not backed by the force of arms,
was worth. It was a problem for Sweden,
but it was also a blessing. The Swedish engineers
were good with their hands, but there were very few engineers,
and they couldn’t produce a lot of vehicles
and make them cheap. In the late 1930s, the Czech
ČKD company developed a small tank, a tankette,
on Sweden’s request. It was introduced into service
as the Strv m/37 (AH-IV). The combat value
of a machine gun tankette wasn’t high, but they served as training vehicles
until the late 1950s. In order to expand their tank park
as soon as possible, the Swedes bought
another ČKD vehicle, the LT vz.38. Although the Czech vehicles
were outmatched by the Landsverk vehicles,
it was easier to produce them If you put one vehicle
against the other in an open field, the Swedish vehicle would win. But the thing is, tanks almost
never fought in an open field. This is how the Strv m/41,
also known as the TNH-Sv, appeared in the Swedish army. It was different from the Czech,
with its radio mounted in the turret and engine. The Strv m/41 tanks
were decommissioned in the late 1950s. But their service didn’t end. The thrifty Swedes used the running gear
of the old vehicle for the Pbv 301 APCs. Another vehicle based on the Czech one
became the Sav m/43 self-propelled gun. Stormartillerivagn—assault
artillery vehicle. The Swedes paid close attention to what was happening
on the WWII battlefields, and the successful use
of the German Sturmgeschütz didn’t go unnoticed. The Swedish designers
first mounted a 75-mm gun in a fixed semi-open cabin,
and then the SPG was rearmed
with a 105-mm Bofors howitzer. A total of 36 vehicles were built,
which served until the 1970s. By 1940, Sweden had
two types of rather modern light tanks in its tank park. But it was clear that
light tanks alone were not enough. In early 1941, the Swedish military defined the requirements
for a heavier vehicle: front armor no less than 55 mm thick
and a 75-mm gun. A tank created
by the Landsverk designers, following those requirements,
was put into service. Its production
was launched in early 1943. Unfortunately, during the war,
the tanks were improving faster than the unhurried Scandinavians
were producing them. A project that looked pretty good
in early 1941 was completely obsolete by 1943. When we asked at the Hässleholms museum
why the gun was so short, a museum worker told us that
Swedish law was one of the reasons. According to law, the gunmustn’t
protrude beyond the vehicle’s hull. The weak anti-tank characteristics
of the Strv m/42, with its short 75-mm gun,
were obvious immediately. The Swedes also clearly saw
that the development of a new tank or modernization of the current one
could drag on and on. But vehicles capable of fighting
effectivelyagainst the modern tanks of a potential adversary
were needed right now. The Swedes did the same
as their colleagues in other countries. They created
an anti-tank self-propelled gun on a ready chassis. A new long-barrel 75-mm gun
was mounted on the m/42 base. Front armor was 70 mm thick. But the crewmen of the new SPGs had to forget about the traditionally
good ergonomics of the Swedish tanks. The same museum worker
who we talked to in Hässleholms told us that the gunner of this SPG
had to have pole dancing skills, because his left leg
literally twisted around the device. And he walked quite strangely
for some time after he had left the vehicle. The development of this SPG
dragged on as well. Although the first prototype
was built in the winter of 1943, due to a delay
in the gearbox development, the first mass-produced Pvkv m/43s
were shipped to the army in only 1946. There wasn’t much to choose from. Until 1953,the m/43
was the only vehicle at least somewhat capable
of fighting against modern tanks. The Swedes managed to solve this problem
by purchasing the Centurions. Sweden facedboth
financial and industrial limitations, as well as the fact that
weapons improve most during a war. The USA, USSR, and France
had enormous experience in this, and they just had to adapt it
to certain requirements, but the Swedes had been on the lookout
for what they really needed for quite a while.
Like “What do we need? Do we need exactly this?
Maybe we should try that”. And so on.
Their post-war program proves funnily enough
that any lack of ideas in modern tank designleads
to the fact that it’s easier to buy a ready-made tank from a neighbor
than develop your own vehicle. But the Swedes still triedto rely
on themselves, whenever possible. The most realistic solution
to this problem was the idea to re-arm the Strv m/42
with a more powerful artillery system. Several projects
for a new turret were suggested, an oscillating turret
with an autoloader like in the French AMX 13. But eventually
the classic turret type was chosen. The Lvkan m/36 AA gun
was picked as the main gun. To mount it onto a tank, the designers had to shorten it
and equip it with a new recoil system. Vehicle modernization also included
replacement of the engine and other lesser changes. The armor thickness
of the new turret was 20-30 mm. The renewed vehicle
was designated the Strv-74. Coincidentally, the Strv-74sremained
in service just until the 1970s. Tank Building:
Swedish Tanks The peace after World War Two
didn’t calm the souls of the neutral Scandinavians. On the contrary, the Cold War
made the thought of an invasion of tank hordes from the east
a persistent nightmare for the Swedish military. Suddenly, it appeared that a new, even more horrific war
could break out very soon, and this time things would
certainly go bad for them. So,they had nothing to do
but start developing their own tank
under these conditions. The Swedes implemented a number of original
technical solutions in their new tank. The Strv 103 received
a 105-mm gun with increased muzzle velocity,
an autoloader, the unique hydro-pneumatic suspension,
which allowed it to “sit up”, and a gas turbine
as a main engine (plus an auxiliary diesel engine). The mass production of this vehicle
was launched in 1966. The designers of the S-tank [Strv.103]
had the idea and the demand to build a tank with a low silhouette, frontal armor that was
very capable and a big gun. It should also be very easy for a conscript soldier
to drive and to use. That was the major part that was
thought for the project for this tank. For that time, it was
an insanely high-tech vehicle. The Swedes proved once again that
if you create a very limited-edition and very expensive vehicle,
you suddenly get a vehicle that is ahead of its time. In theory, the Strv could even swim. Installing the system for it
took a long time, and the system looked strange. A canvas was put above the tank. It then looked like a glass
or a pot with a massive bottom. Its “swimming” speed reached 7 km/h. The driver stood on the deck and
controlled the vehicle with the help of cables. A similar system
was used earlier by the Americans. Swedish tanks could be a bit weird and
the most weirdest tank is the S-tank The new tank was optimized
for just one type of battle. It could rise above cover, fire quickly
from the ambush position at the advancing enemy tank column,
and also quickly retreat. So it would have been
a very movable battle, compared to other tanks and because of this
it was not so easy for an enemy to know where
will it pop up the next time. It could pop up there or there so this was
the tactics behind this tank, to move back and forth
and to hide and fire from different positions. Although the vehicle
is classified as a tank, generally speaking,
it’s a self-propelled anti-tank gun created to destroy the Soviet tanks
that would be capturing poor Sweden. The whole 20th century
fell under the motto “Look, we’ve got an awesome tank
that didn’t come in useful!” Despite its redeeming
features (for Sweden), the Strv 103 was clearly too complex and expensive to be anywhere else
but the Swedish tank units. Tank Building:
Swedish Tanks In the meantime, the infantry
also wanted their own tanks. Among the requirements
for a new “infanterikanonvagn”, literally, infantry cannon vehicle, were high speed and maneuverability, and the capability
of fighting against modern tanks. Of course,
something had to be sacrificed. This time it was armor.
The new tank had no more than 20 mm of armor. However, the new vehicle
was equipped with a 90-mm rifle gun, reached a speed of 65 km/h,
and could even swim. Surprisingly, the project
of the HaggLund & Soner company was considered the best. It came out ahead
of such famous competitors as Landsverk and Bofors. This company
had no experience in tank building. One the one hand, a 90-mm gun
wasn’t enough in the 1960s. On the other hand,
the main adversaries of the Ikv 91 would be the numerous
lightly armored vehicles of the Soviet divisions—AFVs, IFVs, and the PT-76. Also, the Swedes thought
that the newest and most powerful Soviet tanks
would advance in Central Europe. And even the Ikv 91
could fight well against the old T-55. It can be said that it’s the latter
analogue of the Soviet PT-76, a more successful one
and with a big export capacity, if only it wasn’t so expensive, as was typical
of good Swedish products. Besides vehicle mass-production,
the Swedes experimented a lot. For example, they wanted to create
a heavy tank like the French AMX 50. They built a wooden prototype model,
but it didn’t go any further. The development
of their SPGs move forward. It led to the creation of one
of the most impressive vehicles in the world of tank building,
the Bandkanon. It’s quite a unique system. It fires all 14 shells
in less than a minute. So, it’s cannon artillery with
the characteristics of a rocket system. Like the Strv 103, the new Swedish SPG
was created to meet the very specific standards
of the Swedish military, regarding the nature of a future war. In the context of fighting
against superior enemy forces, the main requirement for the future SPG
was a high rate of fire. The vehicle was equipped
with a magazine container for 14 155-mm shells. This tank was with its characteristics
that it had long firing range, the possibility to fire very quickly
and when it had fired it could reverse
and go to another gun position before the first round hit the ground, so this is actually a tank
that the artillery crew members they loved it and it was probably
the best artillery system that we have ever had in Sweden. However, everything good
comes at a price. This time the cost
was its driving performance. The designers tried to unify
the new SPG with the Strv 103’s chassis to make its maintenance easier. But if the gas-turbine engine
was initially planned for the tank, the twin-engine system
became a forced solution for the SPG The turbine was installed
to help the diesel engine. The Rolls-Royce K60 was economical, but its 240 horsepower
obviously wasn’t enough to propel the SPG
of more than 50 tons. The second engine
became an improvement, but they had to forget
about the economic efficiency. The fuel distance of the SPG
was little more than 200 km. In the end, this determined
the fate of the Bandkanons, they were sent to
storage bases in 2003. The Bkan or Bandkanon
was unique at its time, when it was developed
it had good firing range, 25 km, it had automatic loading system
and it was independent by itself and this made it very special. Now Sweden has less spectacular,
but much cheaper systems in service. Nowadays Swedenhas abandoned
the development of home-made tanks. The army switched to German Leopards. The Swedes still have
some projects that can be implemented, but Swedish tank building
doesn’t exist today.

100 thoughts on “Tank Building: Swedish Tanks – World of Tanks”

  1. After 19 seconds: "… the country that hasn't been in a war for 100 years…" Well, it's actually 200 years… Let's continue…

  2. players sweating in fear of Swedish Artillery in World of Tanks "KAPOOOOOW""KAPOOOOOW""KAPOOOOOW""KAPOOOOOW"

  3. English Tier 1: a Vauxhall Cavalier Mk1 with a limey inside who throws Friar Tuck
    s old frying pan… XD

  4. Bandkanon rate of fire 14 shells in 45 sec.= all shells in the air when shooting close to it´s maximum range. Reload time 2 minutes for Bandkanon. (G.W panther reload tim 2.21 minutes.)
    WoT here comes the destroyer of heavies :-))))

  5. Also, I'm curious… neutral countries – if they are attacked, do they expect others to help them? I know the swiss have a well- developed defense system (efficient use of their geography, a lot of well supplied mountain bunkers, I think compulsory military service for the males, comparatively lax gun regulation [compared to the rest of europe – along with comparatively higher gun deaths], BFGs also concealed in their mountains) but obviously sweden isn't Switzerland. The Soviets also sent t-34s to Finland so why did the swedes think that the Soviets would not do the same if the Soviets invaded sweden?

  6. 2 things.

    Sweden has not been in a war for over 400! years! Not 100, you muppet.
    Second, Sweden doesnt have tanks. We have armor moving bandwagons, without weapons.

    Swedens army is pathetic. We got a minor airforce, and a okish navy, but weapons = poorest in the world.

    Swedens military strenght can stand against ONE of our closest nations.
    Russia, would take Sweden within 24 hours. Nato, the same.

    The only "power" us Swedes has, is political. NO ONE hates us. Not Russia, not usa, not arabs, not China. No one!

    In fact, as of 2015, the arabic nations are "sweden friendly", and would send support, if we got attacked.
    However…..Sweden has lived under the protection of USA, without ever paying a single cent to NATO.

  7. Swedish military: We're too poor to buy cheap things
    Engineers: Here is a tank with tracks and road wheels
    Swedish military: That's too expensive!!!!

  8. Sweden has been Zionist-occupied territory since WW2. We will never forget what they are doing to our nation right now; Weaponized Mass Migration, amonng other types of psychological and proxy warfare.

  9. i hope that we continue to develop our own military, because when we do it… we do get very unique and yet deadly arms that works so different from the established works of arms that despite that, it does oppose a very challenging battle.

  10. lets be real here, towards the end of 1900. 1980> tanks didnt need armor anymore in the same way it did before, sience tanks started to go though everything. tanks would easily go through 400mm of armor. so the obvius thing to do is ditch the armor and make it faster and have better weapons

  11. Wouldn't state of the art shoulder fired weapons kill Russian tanks easier than building a competing tank or a self-propelled gun on some sort

  12. Ah yes, pre-war light tanks vs the patton. That legit saddened me. Also, I see the german panzer IIs look quite similar to them…

  13. i find wierd that russian talk about swedish tanks? (or atleast those 2 two guys i assume they ar russian)

  14. Seems whole Sweden remained neutral, it still can be counted as having had “participated” just by being there and interacting with both (or more than 2) sides. It’s more like by luck War was avoided on Swedish land.

  15. Are the alternating wheels and caterpillar chassis the first transforming chassis vehicle or was t done before?

  16. How ironic that the Germans actually founf a way around that slave treaty… Smart move and controversial considering the German government at the time…
    Fascinating that there are Russian historians commenting on the Swedish tanks…
    Of course Sweden doesn't have any proper production of any war material as most of the monetary resources has gone mainly to worthless projects…

  17. Sweden has not been in war after 1814. The last "real" war was 1808-09 when the russian took Finland!

  18. I dislike wheels on a tank. It just becomes shredded rubber when in combat with everything shooting at you. Even if it doesn't and handles well the concept of wheels on a tank is still not a wise idea. Just focus on improving your tread tech and you don't need the wheels.

  19. It's funny that Russian historians are the ones covering the history of Swedish tank development lol. Did Sweden outsource its tank history to Russia because it's cheaper?

  20. Its sad that the swedish dont build tanks or well atleast not as much because i think we could have created some very good tanks with modern day tech

  21. It's a bit funny when the historians says the country's north was underdeveloped and had no industry, but manages to show footage of the Nämnforsen powerplant – building started in 1944 – where the northern half of the country supplied the overwhelming majority of the electrical power of the entire country. It would have been enough to say it was sparsely population.
    But if anyone wants to see the best example of Swedish military self-reliance, check out its air force.

    There's also a lot of talk about "poor Sweden" by that one historian. What's up with that? Whatever the "problems" the Swedish had (like being too complex anywhere but in Sweden), it obviously worked. Sweden never got invaded, because the Soviet analysts knew it would have been too expensive. There's a lot of little passive-aggressive down-talk through out the video. Like "the fate of the Bandkanon 1" that it was sent to storage in 2003. It still served for 36 years! And it was a shame that the Projekt Stridsvagn 2000 wasn't mentioned.

  22. If it's made better and cheaper in another country then that's where you should buy it. This is a lesson all governments can learn from in any aspect of the economy but sadly is ignored too often. Politicians will tell you that they are trying to protect domestic jobs but in fact they are (usually) forcing the taxpayers to buy from a monopoly. Sweden has success stories in the military weapons market and they are creating wealth in that country. In the open market this is how the world works.

  23. Swedish tank/vehicle camouflage colours and patterns seem to be almost the same colours as the Swedish Airforces combat aircraft and helicopters, and the Swedish Navy's FAC-M Missile Patrol Craft and MCMV Mine Warfare Vessels.

    The sharp angled patterns seem reminiscent of the German Luftwaffe aircraft (mainly the upper wing camouflage).

  24. It sounds like they could not build a better tank than some of their neighbors and ended up buying German tanks which was better and probably cheaper also.

  25. Thanks to American creativity Sherman tank was best tank in ww2 better than German tiger and Russian t62 .bcs it was cheap for mass production

  26. I remember when the Dominican L-60s came up for sale. I thought about buying one, they only wanted $10K each. But it would cost at least twice that for shipping and get it thru customs, not to mention restoration.

  27. Fact is Sweden does exist today…She has given up her nation…gone are the days when Sweden isn't Sweden when she joined the E.U and brought it the third and forth world….Now in Sweden a woman can't walk home after dark and Swedish men are too cowed to protect their women and mother's. Sweden has become a dumping ground for the wold's Refuge…such a shame!

  28. Sweden supplied the Nazis a lot of weapons and ammo in WW2. They had Swedish units in Hitlers army. Sweden let German soldiers pass thru to go and attack Norway…….. History that is skipped………

  29. The Bandkanon was always engulfed in mystery. As the world began the race for nuclear weapons, the Swedish military saw an opportunity for a very specific vehicle, and, whilst there's no official documentation to support the claim, there's an American information video that lists the Bandkanon as being developed to fire nuclear warheads.

  30. They should've touched on the Strv 2000. That thing would've been an absolute juggernaut even by 21st-century standards.

  31. I'm Swedish. Grampa come over as Johannsson(1900) and it become Johansson(1920), then Johanson(1940''s to make it easier for the children). Hate to say it but Sweden and Germany during WW2 had a weird relationship i think. in ww1 i think Sweden was cheating sanctions in getting iron to Germany. But idk, Sweden right next door, and German was mean. idk, what'd i'd do. : ( Save Jews, that's what i would have done. Holocaust, never again.

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